A guide on building your skincare routine
Arguably one of the most beneficial trends is the skincare craze. Without a doubt, it’s one of many reasons why people care for their skin even more than they used to. Most people before this trend settled for any facial washes, toners and even moisturiser as long as it cleans and hydrates the face. But today people are more sceptical when it comes to the ingredient list, packaging, formula and so on.
But that isn’t necessarily a bad thing since now brands are more careful and aware about the products they put out. This is why today you’ll easily find great products since people don’t just settle for average and go for quality goods. You’ll find tons of quality products in-store and online, the only thing left for you to do is put together your skincare routine.
And if you don’t already have one, MD Skincare has come up with a guide to help you build your skincare routine in _ easy steps! Get one step closer to your skincare goals, all information is down below:
Step 1: Start with a cleanser
When it comes to skincare, one of the first things you do is wash your face whether it’s during the day or at night. This plays a huge role in your routine since this reassures the cleanliness of your face and preps it for the following products.
So getting a good facial cleanser is a must! However, even if a product has excellent ratings and appears to work well for many people, you first must consider your skin type and whether or not that product will work well for you. And to find out here’s a table explaining what cleansers work best for each skin type:
|Skin type||Cleanser type|
|Dry skin||Oil-based cleansers or Cream-based|
|Oily skin||Foam-based or Gel-based|
|Sensitive skin||Cream-based, Gel-based or Oil-base|
|Combined skin||Foam-based, Gel-based, Micellar water|
Picking out the right cleanser can improve your skin over time making it look radiant, clean, fresh and healthy not to mention it can prevent breakouts, clogged pores, irritation and dullness. So before getting a well-rated product, find out its cleanser type and check if it matches the chart.
Step 2: Pick out the right toner
After cleansing your face the next step is usually toning. Toning is an effective way to reassure your face that it is as clean as it can be before adding other products. This can also balance out your skin’s pH levels that can help with discolouration, oiliness and texture. There is a range of toners available each with its own formula, base, and even added vitamins and nutrients that might work well for some but not for others. So when scouting for a toner always consider the ingredients whether it’ll work for your skin or not and follow this chart as a reference:
|Skin type||Toner type|
|Dry skin||Hydrating toner, Oil-based or Cream-based|
|Oily skin||Oil-free with salicylic acid|
|Sensitive skin||Alcohol-free with alpha-hydroxy acid (AHA)|
|Combined skin||Mild toner, Hydrating toner or Oil-free|
If you find a toner that fits your skin type, go with that instead of a popularly suggested toner that may or may not work for you. Picking a toner that suits your skin type can complement it by leaving your skin hydrated, fresh, plump and healthy. A good tip to consider is by ditching the cotton pad and applying it with your hands. Also apart from the toner type consider looking for added helpful acids, vitamins and nutrients such as hyaluronic acid, vitamin E and C, AHA, ABHA, rose water and green tea extracts.
Step 3: Choose a good serum
After toning your skin you’re then ready to move on to the next step which is applying serum! Serums contain tons of vitamins and other concentrated ingredients that are simply skin food. Adding this into your regime will provide you with better hydration than applying moisturiser alone. Keeping your skin hydrated is an important factor that can potentially prevent fine lines, blemishes, discolouration and dullness.
When picking out a good serum, always consider ones that have great ingredients, it might cost more but you’ll surely get your money back in the form of healthy, glowing looking skin. Here are some ingredients to keep a lookout for: Hyaluronic acid, retinol, vitamin B3, colloidal sulfur, peptides, vitamin C and niacinamide. All these ingredients can help with inflammation, hydration, nutrition, skin elasticity, reduce the appearance of blemishes and also stimulate the production of collagen.
Step 4: Hydrate with the right moisturiser
The next step is hydrating with the right moisturiser! When it comes to this product you’re definitely going to drown with the number of available moisturisers in the market. All with their own formulas, scents and added vitamins and nutrients. And since hydrating plays a part in keeping your skin healthy, moisturisers are there to guarantee your outer skin’s hydration.
However, when scoping the grounds for a moisturiser there are things you need to consider such as its formula, base and added nutrients that might not clash well with your skin type. Here’s a chart to help you pick out a good moisturiser that matches your skin:
|Skin type||Moisturiser type|
|Dry skin||Cream-based or Soft cream-based|
|Sensitive skin||Balm-based, Gel-based and Soft cream-based|
|Combined skin||Lotion-based or Gel-based|
Choosing the right moisturiser can prevent clogged pores, inflammation, irritation, acne, signs of ageing and many more. This will leave you with skin looking radiant, plump, hydrated and fair plus this can also enhance your skin’s elasticity and add a hint of protection from the sun.
There are two types of moisturizers you should have in your routine which are the day and night moisturisers. Most people use only one type for both day and night but for a more effective and hydrating routine try incorporating a night and day moisturiser. And if you’re wondering what sets these two apart here’s a description of both:
Day moisturisers are designed to be used throughout the day so these are usually lightweight and sheer. Most day moisturisers contain sunscreen, antioxidants, vitamins and minerals that will keep you protected and hydrated during the day.
For night moisturisers, these are usually thicker in consistency and focus on repairing your skin when you sleep. This can repair damages on the skin you might have during the day and also help fade blemishes, dark spots, acne marks and so on. Constant use of night moisturisers can give you more smooth, firm, plump and radiant-looking skin.
Step 5: Protect yourself from the sun with a good sunblock!
Sunblock is arguably the most important part of your skincare routine which some people might find surprising since not everyone uses sunscreen on a daily basis. But even if you’re not hitting the beach you’re still exposed to the harmful rays of the sun that can damage your skin over time especially when you start to age. This can cause skin discolouration, wrinkles, age spots, sunburn and even skin cancer so it’s best to stay protected. And for a daily sunscreen, look for one with an SPF of 30 or more, or SPF 15 if you’re staying in. However, there are things you still need to look into before purchasing a sunblock since there are variants that work better with specific skin types. Here’s a chart that will help you determine what variant of sunblock will go well with your skin type:
|Skin type||Sunblock type|
|Oily skin||Gel-based, Oil-free and Alcohol-based|
|Sensitive skin||Cream-based, Hypoallergenic or Mineral|
|Combined skin||Made with transparent zinc oxide, Gel-based|
Something to also consider is looking for a sunscreen made with non-comedogenic formula since this can clog your pores. And proper application also plays a huge role when keeping your skin protected from the sun so here’s a guide:
- Before applying shake the bottle of sunscreen thoroughly
- Apply a generous amount all over your face and an extra layer on places that are frequently exposed to the sun.
- Wait 15 minutes before heading outside.
- Remember to use sunscreen before dressing up to avoid wiping off the product
- Also apply on your arms, legs, neck and feet.
According to the FDA, you’re supposed to reapply your sunscreen every 2-3 hours so pack in a travel size container and keep it in your bag before heading out. And try sticking with a chemical-free sunblock since these are made with natural ingredients that are healthy to your skin and can provide much more benefits than just protection. So, if you’re wondering which chemical-free sunscreens are the best, here’s a top 5 list:
- The Organic Pharmacy Cellular Protection Sun Cream SPF 30 (For the body)
- UnSun Mineral Tinted Face Sunscreen SPF 30 (For the face)
- Saie Sunvisor (For the face)
- Beautycounter Countersun Mineral Sunscreen Lotion SPF 30 (For face and body)
- Babo Botanicals Daily Sheer Facial Sunscreen SPF 40 (For face and body)